Ancestral Pueblo: Greater MogollonJornada MogollonNorthern Jornada (Sierra Blanca)Salinas Plain WareSalinas Red

Type Name: Salinas Red

Period: 1620 A.D. - 1750 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Greater Mogollon
Branch: Jornada Mogollon
Tradition: Northern Jornada (Sierra Blanca)
Ware: Salinas Plain Ware

First posted by D. Dean Wilson 2014

Salinas Red was defined by Toulouse (1949 ) to describe forms recovered during the excavations of the church and convento at Abo. Pottery assigned to this type is thought to have derived from Koyiti Glaze-on-red, and vessels are distinguished from this type solely by the absence of painted designs (Hayes and others 1981; Vivian 1964). Pastes are red sometimes with a gray core, and temper reflects the use of volcanic sources utilized in the Salinas Province. Slipped surfaces are beige to bright red, with a range of colors often present on the surface of a single vessel. Surfaces often exhibit a streaky polish and fire clouds are common. Distribution of shapes and vessel forms are similar to those noted for Koyiti Glaze-on-red and include soup plates, cups, candlesticks, jars and bowls. Pottery exhibiting similar characteristics and sequence of developments have also been noted at Pecos Pueblo, and appears to have continued to have been produced at pot-revolt contexts (Kidder and Shepard 1936). Pottery from this areas classified as Salinas Red seems to have influenced the production of finer and more evenly polished slipped wares that were long produced at Pueblo villages scattered across the Rio Grande.

Kidder, Alfred V., and Anna O. Shepard
1936 The Pottery of Pecis, Volume II Glaze Paint, Culinary, and Other Wares. Papers of the Phillips Academy No.7, New Haven.

Hayes, Alden C., Jon N. Young, and A.H. Warren
1981 Contributions to Gran Quivira Archaeology, Gran Quivira National Monument, New Mexico. Publications in Archaeology No, 17, National Park Service Washington D.C.

Toulouse, Joseph H., Jr
1949 The Mission of Gan Gregorio de Abo. School of American Researh Series No. 13. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Vivian, Gordon
1964 Excavations in a 17th Century Jumano Pueblo, Gran Quivira. National Park Service Archaeological Research Series, No. 8, Washington.

Related Photos

Salinas Red tray

Salinas Red bowl

Salinas Red soup plate

Salinas Red soup plate

Salinas Red soup plate