Ancestral Pueblo: Greater MogollonJornada MogollonNorthern Jornada (Sierra Blanca)Northern Jornada Brown WareOchoa Indented Corrugated - Plain Brown

Type Name: Ochoa Indented Corrugated - Plain Brown

Period: 1350 A.D. - 1450 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Greater Mogollon
Branch: Jornada Mogollon
Tradition: Northern Jornada (Sierra Blanca)
Ware: Northern Jornada Brown Ware

First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2013

Ochoa Indented Brown was defined by Leslie (1965). This type is still poorly known type with a very limited distribution, and it has so far been recovered from a fairly small area that included Eddy, Lea, and Chavez counties in southeastern New Mexico and Gains, Andrews, Winker and Loving Counties in west Texas (Collins 1968; Leslie 1965l Runyon 1987). This type has sometimes been assigned to an Eastern Jornada division. It is included here with Northern Jornada Mogollon types given that it probably developed out of earlier types such as Corona Corrugated (Wiseman 1982). Ochoa Indented Brown appears to be associated groups with adaptations and material culture more similar to those noted for Southern Plains groups almost completely dependent on hunting and gathering rather than the Jornada Mogollon or other Southwestern agricultural groups.

Evidence for the production of this type outside the area normally ascribed to the Jornada Mogollon include the presence of crushed caliche or fine to coarse wind-blown sand temper. Paste and surfaces are gray, black, and brown. Pastes are extremely friable, and easily break at the coil junctures. Exterior surfaces include unobliterated coils (corrugations) that range from a uniform to haphazard pattern. Coils range from highly indented to smeared, and while exterior surface may appear rough and bumpy they are never smoothed. Indented coils and spaces between often exhibit a rounded shape. Interior surfaces are usually smoothed and polished and sooted or smudged. Ceramic associations seem to indicate that this type was produced sometime during the late fourteenth and early fifteenth century. Vessel forms include jars, ollas, and bowls. While this type was described as always exhibiting corrugated exteriors, it also appears that pottery with similar pastes and temper but with plain surfaces was also produced (Wiseman 2002). It is possible that such pottery (Ochoa Plain Brown) could represent a variant of or precursor to Ochoa Indented Brown.

Collins, Michael B.
1968 The Andrews Lake Locality: New Archaeological Data from the Southern Llano Estacado, Texas. M.A. thesis, University of Texas, Austin.

Leslie, Robert A.
1965 Ochoa Indented Brown Ware. Facts and Artifacts 1(2):506. Newsletter of the Lea County Archaeological Society, Hobbs, New Mexico.

Runyon, John W., and John A. Hedrick
1987 Pottery Types of the Southwest Federation of Archaeological Societies (SWFAS) Area. The Artifact (25)4 23-59.

Wiseman Reggie N.

1982 The Interning Years – New Information on Chupadero Black-on-white and Corona Corrugated. Pottery Southwest 9(4):5-7.

2002 The Fox Place: A Late Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Pithouse Village neare Roswell, New Mexico. Office of Archaeological Studies Archaeology Notes 234, Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe.

Related Photos

Ochoa Corrugated jar sherds