Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)Eastern (Mountain) AnasaziGallina

Tradition Name: Gallina

First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2013

Pottery assigned to Gallina tradition types reflect one of the most distinct and conservative pottery traditions defined for the Southwest. This includes an area in north-central New Mexico that straddles the Continental Divide. This region includes areas of the Chama River northwest of the Piedra Lumbre primarily within the Gallinas River area. The Gallina also includes the upper reaches of the Puerco of the east, extends south to near the town Cuba, and to the west slopes of Jemez Mountains (Lang 1982). While the origins of Gallina pottery are still poorly unstood, it is likely that Gallina pottery developed out of types found in the southern part of the Upper San Juan region that include Rosa Black-on-white and Bancos Black-on-white. Another possibility is that Gallina Black-on-white developed into Jemez Black-on-white and is likely that Gallina groups were Towa-speakers (Lang 1982).

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