Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)Central AnasaziChaco and CibolaCibola-Tusayan Early Red WareTohatchi Red

Type Name: Tohatchi Red

Period: 550 A.D. - 600 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)
Branch: Central Anasazi
Tradition: Chaco and Cibola
Ware: Cibola-Tusayan Early Red Ware

First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2012

Tohatchi Red was defined by Reed and Goff (1998). This type is defined by the presence of pastes similar to that described for the gray-brown variety of Obelisk Utility, but surfaces are covered with a red slip. Tohatchi Red appears to have been produced from about A. D. 550 to 600.

Pastes of pottery assigned to Tohatchi Red are yellow red, and are silty, very soft and friable. Temper consists of a combination of naturally occurring silt particles along with occasional added quartz sand or sandstone particles c(Reed and Goff 1998; Reed and others 2000). Pottery assigned to this type is distinguished from Obelisk Utility by a red slip covering at least one surface which may reflect a mixture of clay and hematite (Reed and others 1998). Vessel forms are represented by seed jars, wide mouth jars and bowls. The absence of sooting indicates vessels assigned to this type were probably not used in cooking. Tohatchi Red was the first slipped red ware produced in the Cibola region and seems to have been inspired by San Francisco Red and developed into Tallahogan Red.

Reed, Lori S., and Joell Goff
1998 Appendix C: Formal Description of Tohatchi Red-on-brown and Tohatchi Red. In Exploring Ceramic Production, Distribution, and Exchange in the Southern Chuska Valley: Analytical Results from the El Paso Natural Gas North Expansion Project, by L.S. Reed, J. Goff,, and K. N. Hensler, pp. C1-C6.Pipeline Archaeology 1990-1993: The El Paso Natural Gas System Expansion Project, New Mexico and Arizona, Vol XI, Book 2, Report no, WCRM (F)74, Farmington.

Reed, Lori C., Dean Wilson, and Kelley Hays-Gilipin
2000 From Brown to Gray; The Origins of Ceramic Technology in the Northen Southwest. In Foundations of Anasazi Culture: The Basketmaker-Pueblo Transition, edited by P.F. Reed, pp. 19-45. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.