Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)Western AnasaziTusayan (Kayenta)Jeddito Yellow WareJeddito Black-on-yellow

Type Name: Jeddito Black-on-yellow

Period: 1300 A.D. - 1375 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)
Branch: Western Anasazi
Tradition: Tusayan (Kayenta)
Ware: Jeddito Yellow Ware


First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2013

Pottery that would now be defined as Jeddito Black-on-yellow was first described by Fewkes (1898) and defined by Hargrave (1932). Jeddito Black-on-yellow exhibits decorations in black iron-manganese paint over a yellow surface (Colton and Hargrave 1937; Hays 1991; Lyons and Hays-Gilipin 2001; Smith 1971). Jeddito Black-on-yellow appears to have been produced from about A.D. 1300 to 1375. This type was produced in the Hopi villages, primarily on Antelope and Third Mesas but was traded extensively across much of the Southwest.

Surface and paste are often a creamy show color although some examples may be buff or orange and indicate consistent firing in an oxidizing atmosphere. Temper consists of very fine quartz sand that seem to represent particles naturally occurring in the clay. Decorated surfaces are slipped but are usually well-polished. Vessel walls are often thick. Vessel forms mainly consist of bowls and ladles, with jars being much less common. Bowls are sometimes decorated on both the interior and exterior surface. Vessels are very hard, well fired, and shatter when broken. Painted decorations are applied in an iron-manganese pigment that ranges from black to brown in color. Designs are applied to jar exteriors and bowl interiors and exteriors. Designs mainly consist of stylized life forms composed of geometric forms. Paint spattering is common on the decorated surface. Designs are often open but with more compact black elements which often include squiggle lines and filled circular motifs. Overall quality of execution of designs varies greatly. Varieties of this type have sometimes been defined based on additional decorative treatments and include Jeddito Stippled and Jeddito Engraved.

References:
Colton, Harold S. and Lyndon L. Hargrave
1937 Handbook of Northern Arizona Pottery Wares. Museum of Northern Arizona, Bulletin No. 11, Northern Arizona Society of Science and Art, Flagstaff.

Fewkes, Jesse W.
1898 Archaeological Expedition to Arizona in 1895. 17th Annual Report, 1895-1896, Bureau of American Ethnologlogy, pp. 519-741, Washington D.C.

Hargrave, L Lyndon
1932 Guide to Forty Pottery Types from the Hopi Country and the San Francisco Mountains, Arizona. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin, No. 1, Flagstaff.

Hays, Kelley A.
1991 Ceramics. In Homol’ovi II: Archaeology of an Ancestral Hopi Village, Arizona. edited by E.C. Adams and K. A. Hays, pp. 23-49. Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, No. 55. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Lyons, Patrick D. and Kelley Hays-Gilpin
2001 Homol’ovi III Ceramics. In Homol’ovi III: a Pueblo Hamlet in the Middle Little Colorado River Valley. edited by E.C. Adams, pp.137-226. Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series 193, Tucson.

Smith, Watson
1971 Painted Ceramics of the Western Mound at Awatovi. Reports of the Awatovi Expedition, Report No. 8. Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Vol. 38. Peabody Museum, Cambridge.




Related Photos

Jeddito Black-on-yellow bowl sherd (interior surface)

Jeddito Black-on-yellow bowl sherd (exterior surface)

Jeddito Black-on-yellow bowl

Jeddito Black-on-yellow bowl

Jeddito Black-on-yellow bowl

Jeddito Black-on-yellow bowl

Jeddito Black-on-yellow jar