Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)Central AnasaziChuskaChuska White Ware (Mineral Paint)Crozier Black-on-white

Type Name: Crozier Black-on-white

Period: 800 A.D. - 900 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)
Branch: Central Anasazi
Tradition: Chuska
Ware: Chuska White Ware (Mineral Paint)


First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2013

Crozier Black-on-white was defined by Wilson and Peckham (1964). This type is assigned to forms tempered with trachyte that exhibit decorations in mineral paint in styles indicative of White Mound Black-on-white (Windes 1977). Decorated surfaces are usually well-smoothed but are not polished. Decorations are often applied in a faded red to dark gray iron-based mineral pigment. Designs are very similar to those noted on White Mound Black-on-white, but may be slightly more compact, and less well executed. Designs are often organized around a simple band that encircles the rim. Design motifs are dominated by multiple thin parallel lines, parallel zigzag lines, ticked lines, ticked triangles, diagonal hatching, solid triangles, fringed triangles checkerboards, and hooks. Vessel forms include bowls, wide mouth jars, seed jars, and gourd dippers. This type most commonly occurs in assemblages dating to the ninth century (Reed and others 1998).

References:
Reed, Lori S., Joell Goff, Kathy Niles Hensler
1998 Exploring Ceramic Production, Distribution, and Exchange in the Southern Chuska Valley: Analytical Results from the El Paso Natural Gas North Expansion Project, Pipeline Archaeology 1990-1993: The El Paso Natural Gas System Expansion Project, New Mexico and Arizona, Vol XI, Book 1, Report no, WCRM (F)74, Farmington.

Wilson, John P., and Stewart Peckham
1964 Chuska Valley Ceramics. Manuscript on file, Laboratory of Anthropology, Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe.

Windes, Thomas C.
1977 Typology and Technology of Anasazi Ceramics. In Settlement and Subsistence Along the Lower Chaco River, edited by C. A. Reher, pp. 270-369. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.




Related Photos

Crozier Black-on-white sherds