Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)Central AnasaziSouthern CibolaWhite Mountain Red WarePinedale Black-on-red - Polychrome

Type Name: Pinedale Black-on-red - Polychrome

Period: 1275 A.D. - 1325 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)
Branch: Central Anasazi
Tradition: Southern Cibola
Ware: White Mountain Red Ware


First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2014

Pinedale Black-on-red and Pinedale Polychrome were defined by Haury and Hargrave (1931). These types reflect technological and stylistic changes reflected by many of the White Mountain Red Ware forms produced during late thirteenth and early fourteenth century. The Pinedale Black-on-red and Polychrome types most commonly occur at sites in areas just below the Mogollon Rim in Arizona.

Examples assigned to this type exhibit light pastes, sherd temper, red or orange slips and decorative styles similar to those noted for the St Johns types. The most obvious difference between Pinedale Black-on-red and St Johns Black-on-red is the applications of decorations in black to brown glaze paint. Decorations on bowl interiors cover much of the interior surface beginning at the rim organized in either an all-over or banded design. These decorations are usually organized in interlocked solid and hatched units sometimes with white outlines. Design motifs include frets, parallel hatching and straight and squiggle lines. Exterior motifs consist of repeated isolated units. These motifs may be executed are either black or and white paint, as is the case for polychrome forms. In Pinedale Polychrome the white clay paint is used as a background for black motifs or occasionally black and white motifs that may alternate with each other.

References:
Carlson, Roy L.
1970 White Mountain Redware Pottery Tradition of East-Central New Mexico. Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, No. 19. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Haury, Emil W. and Lyndon L. Hargrave
1931 Recently Dated Pueblo Ruins in Arizona. by E. W. Haury and L. L. Hargrave, pp. 4-79. Smithsonian Misc. Collections 82 (11). Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Triadan, Daniela
1997 Ceramic Commodities and Common Containers; Production and Distribution of White Mountain Red Ware in the Grasshopper Region, Arizona.University of Arizona Press, Tucson.




Related Photos

Pinedale Black-on-red bowl

Pinedale Black-on-red jar

Pinedale Polychrome bowl sherds (intterior surface)

Pinedalle Polychrome bowl sherds (exterior surface)

Pinedale Polychrome bowl sherd (interior surface)

Pinedale Polychrome bowl sher (exterior surface)