Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)Central AnasaziChaco and CibolaChaco-Cibola White WarePinedale Black-on-white

Type Name: Pinedale Black-on-white

Period: 1250 A.D. - 1325 A.D.
Culture: Ancestral Pueblo: Southern Colorado Plateau (Anasazi)
Branch: Central Anasazi
Tradition: Chaco and Cibola
Ware: Chaco-Cibola White Ware


First posted by C. Dean Wilson 2012

Pinedale Black-on-white was defined by Haury and Hargrave (1931). This type represents the last of the Cibola White Ware types and was produced from the middle thirteenth to early fourteenth century (Wood 1987). Distribution of this type is much more limited than that noted for earlier Cibola white ware types and reflects contraction of populations into communities spread over a much smaller geographic area.

Pinedale Black-on-white is similar to other late Cibola White Ware types but is distinguished by the presence of a vitrified or glassy paint. Surfaces are polished and usually slipped and crackled, and similar to those in Tularosa Black-on-white. Tempering material is usually crushed sherd. The black mineral paint is usually very thick and vitreous resulting in a "glazed" effect. Painted designs are characterized by balanced and interlocking solid and hatched elements, of equal width. Other motifs include interlocking pennant triangles and stepped triangles. Designs are busy and are characterized by parallel hatching or perpendicular cross hatching with opposed elaborated designs reminiscent of those seen on Tularosa Black-on-white.

References:
Haury, Emil W. and Lyndon L. Hargrave
1931 Recently Dated Pueblo Ruins in Arizona. by E. W. Haury and L. L. Hargrave, pp. 4-79. Smithsonian Misc. Collections 82 (11). Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Wood, J. Scott
1987 Checklist of Pottery Types for the Tonto National Forest. The Arizona Archaeologist 21, Arizona Archaeological Society.




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Pinedale Black-on-white bowl

Pinedale Black-on-white jar

Pinedale Black-on-white jar